Volume 10 (01), January 2024
COP28 AND INDIA: A REVIEW OF CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES
V. K. Verma and Jyoti Jangir
The 28th UN Climate Change Conference (COP28) took place from 30 November to 13 December 2023 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Around 70,000 participants took part, making it the largest climate conference of all time. This COP was characterized by a first-time stock take – i.e., the analysis of the national climate protection strategies submitted with regard to their conformity with the 2-degree limit. Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) served as a crucial platform for global discussions on climate change mitigation and adaptation. This abstract reviews India’s significant role and contributions during COP 28, shedding light on the nation’s commitments, challenges, and strategies in addressing the complexities of climate change. The article examines India’s updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), emphasizing emission reduction targets and a transition to renewable energy. Challenges such as economic considerations and technological barriers are explored, accompanied by an analysis of India’s resilience strategies, particularly in agriculture and urban development. The abstract also highlights India’s advocacy for international collaborations, South-South cooperation, and global climate finance. Through this review, we gain insights into India’s proactive approach towards climate action, contributing to the global effort to combat climate change.